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How to grow tomatoes

How to grow tomatoes

Growing tomatoes is one of the most rewarding garden experiences you can have. You get to taste your fruits before anyone else, and there's nothing like it! But even with all these benefits, growing tomatoes still requires a little extra effort—you need to know what climate is best for them, how much space they need at each stage of growth, and how best to care for them during different times of year. Here's what you need to know:

Know your climate

The first step in knowing how to grow tomatoes is understanding your climate. This is especially important because the best time of year for growing tomatoes can vary depending on where you live.

Tomatoes are fairly hardy, but if you’re not sure about your local climate or want to make sure that there aren’t any surprises, take a look at the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map before planting. The map will give you an idea of what plants will grow well and which ones might struggle in your area.

Pick a suitable variety

If you're going to grow tomatoes, it's important that you choose a suitable variety. Here are some tips and considerations when selecting tomato varieties:

Check the history of the variety. For example, if a tomato has been around for years or decades, there's probably a reason why it's still popular.

Try out as many varieties as possible before making your final decision. You never know what might be right until you try!

Consider other factors like disease resistance, disease tolerance (immunity), and flavor in addition to taste when choosing which variety(s) will work best in your area. One thing we can say with certainty is that different tastes appeal to different people; therefore, this choice will ultimately come down to personal preference rather than objective quality metrics such as yield per acreage or shelf life at room temperature (RTF).

Space plants properly

Space plants based on variety. The best-known tomato varieties are indeterminate, meaning they grow from a single main stem (or vine) that reaches an average height of 5 feet or more. These plants need at least 2 feet of space between each plant; however, if you're short on garden space and don't mind a bit of pruning, consider planting determinate varieties instead. Determinate tomatoes stop growing when they reach about 2 to 3 feet tall and remain relatively small throughout the season.

Space plants based on size: Tomatoes come in all sizes, ranging from smaller cherry types to large beefsteak varieties that weigh more than 1 pound apiece! The bigger the tomato variety is at maturity, the more space it will need while it's growing; this applies even if you're planning to eat your tomatoes right off the vine rather than storing them for future use!

For example: A standard tomato plant may yield 10 fruit over its lifetime; whereas a beefsteak variety might produce only 4 fruits but those fruits could be triple the size with much more fleshy pulp surrounding their seeds.

Space plants based on root depth: As mentioned above when discussing type II fruit set problems caused by poor pollination or lack of pollinators due to improper planting spacing (as opposed to inadequate pollinating insects), one cause could be insufficient root depth within tightly planted rows due simply because there isn't enough room for roots beneath other plants' foliage which restricts vascular flow between branches causing stunted growth conditions where no fruit set occurs whatsoever despite having plenty available water supply nearby thanks both due to rainfall or irrigation methodologies used during summer months such as drip tape system installed underneath ground level surface area where all sorts different kinds

Ensure correct soil drainage

One of the most important things to do before planting tomatoes is to ensure that your soil drains well. If you have a heavy clay soil, or one where water sits on top of the surface for long periods of time, you will need to amend it with some organic matter. You can use compost or peat moss if you want to improve drainage and retain moisture in an area with poor drainage.

If unsure, err on the side of caution and plant tomatoes in a heavy potting mix instead. This way there will be no risk of them being overwatered or underwatered as they grow through summer and fall months!

Add compost and nutrients

Adding compost is a great way to add nutrients and minerals to your soil, which is especially helpful for growing tomatoes. Compost is a rich source of organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (N-P-K) that help strengthen the structure of your soil so it retains moisture better.

Tomatoes need plenty of all three nutrients in order to grow properly—without them they may be stunted or develop deficiencies or disease. Adding compost gives you an easy way to get all three into your garden at once!

Temperature control

To control temperature using a greenhouse, you can use a fan. The fan will cool the air by blowing it through the greenhouse and into the outside atmosphere, where it loses some of its heat to become colder. The greenhouse will retain some of that heat, keeping things warm for your plants inside. If you turn off or remove the fan from this process, then you'll get poor results—you need something to push that hot air out of your greenhouse so that your plants stay nice and cozy inside!

Water appropriately

The frequency with which you need to water depends on a number of factors, including the type of soil you have, the weather and temperature (water more often in hot summer months), how often you can water and how much each plant needs.

As with most things gardening-related, it’s best to check your plants regularly and use your judgement. If the soil feels dry one inch below the surface, then it’s time to give them some water! Remember that tomatoes are thirsty plants so don’t be afraid to get them wet!


Growing tomatoes is an art. It’s not for everyone and it takes time to learn the tricks of the trade. But if you have a green thumb and some patience, anyone can do it!