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How to grow spinach

How to grow spinach

Spinach is one of the most versatile and nutritious vegetables. It's easy to grow and can provide an abundant supply of greens, making it perfect for both beginner gardeners and experienced farmers. Here are the steps you need to take in order to successfully harvest spinach in your own home garden:

Know your climate

Spinach is a cool-weather crop. It prefers full sun and soils with good drainage, but it can tolerate some shade. If you're growing spinach indoors, be sure to use containers that are large enough for the roots to grow into—if plants are in too small of a container, they will become rootbound and this will stunt their growth.

Spinach is a cool weather crop

Spinach is a cool weather crop. The ideal temperature range for growing spinach is 50-60 degrees F. It can be grown year-round in the north, and during cooler months in the south (spring and fall).

Spinach will bolt if temperatures get too warm

Spinach is a cool weather vegetable, so it's important that you keep your spinach plants' temperature in check. If temperatures get too warm (above 25C or 77F), spinach will begin to bolt. This means that instead of producing leaves, the plant will focus on making seeds and stop growing altogether.

To prevent bolting in warmer climates:

  • Plant in early spring or late fall so that the peak of summer heat isn't happening as fast as possible

  • Choose varieties whose names end with "bolt-resistant" or "slow to bolt". These varieties have been selected for their ability to withstand extreme temperatures without bolting

Pick a suitable variety

Spinach is a cool weather crop, so it’s best to plant spinach in the spring or fall. Choose a suitable variety: There are dozens of varieties available and each has its own characteristics. Because spinach is grown for its leaves and not for seeds, you want to choose a variety that has good leaf quality over fruit production or other traits that are not important to you.

Space plants properly

Whether you're planting spinach in a garden or in containers, make sure that you give the plants plenty of space for optimum growth. The general rule of thumb is to plant your spinach at 3-4 inches apart in rows 18-24 inches apart. If planted closer together than this, spinach plants may be smaller and more susceptible to pests and diseases

Water appropriately

Water spinach plants when the soil is dry. Water spinach plants in the morning, because they will wilt in the heat of the day. Do not water spinach plants in the evening, as it can lead to mildew development on your leaves (and may cause them to rot).

Preparing soil for spinach plants

The first step to planting spinach is preparing the soil. To start, you should turn over the soil and remove any weeds that are present. If your soil is heavy clay, it needs to be amended before planting spinach, as a poor drainage capacity can cause the roots of your plants to rot.

If this is the case with your garden bed, you'll need to add compost or manure at least 6 inches deep into your garden bed; this will improve drainage and make it easier for water to penetrate into the ground without bringing along particles from above. You may also want to add organic fertilizers like fish emulsion or cottonseed meal (or both) after turning over your soil so that nutrients are released slowly throughout growth season.

Harvest at the correct time

The best time to harvest spinach is when the leaves are full and dark green. Harvest before plants bolt, before they get too big or bitter and before they get too tough.


Now that you know the basics, it’s time to start growing your own spinach! From planting to harvesting, there are many factors that go into growing a successful crop. Be sure to research your variety and location, as well as prepare the soil properly before planting.

After that, just keep an eye on temperature fluctuations (especially in warmer areas) and make sure your plants get enough water during dry spells. It may take some trial and error before finding exactly what works best for you—but once you do? You can enjoy this tasty leafy green all season long!