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How to grow Carrots

## How to grow Carrots

Carrots, like other root crops, require a long growing season and plenty of moisture. You can increase your chances of success by choosing a variety that's adapted to your climate, spacing plants properly, maintaining consistent soil temperature and humidity levels throughout their growth period (about 90 days), watering regularly during dry periods, and harvesting prematurely if you notice that the tops are drying out or curling over.

Know your climate

Are you planting your carrots in a cold climate? The best time to plant carrots is when the soil has warmed up and the danger of frost is gone.

If you live in an area with extreme winters, try planting early crops of shorter-rooted varieties such as 'Little Finger' or 'Mokum', which are in the ground by mid-April and ready for harvest by late May. Your second crop should be planted as soon after that first one as possible, but make sure you wait until all danger of another freeze has passed if it was planted early enough.

You can also choose a variety with resistance to diseases that are prevalent where you live. For example, some varieties may have resistance to clubroot — a fungus that causes nutrient deficiencies that make carrots tough and bitter tasting — so check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for more information about this disease before deciding which carrot varieties are best suited to your climate and soil type

Pick a suitable variety

Pick a suitable variety. Choose a carrot type that is suited to your climate, soil, growing conditions and tastes. For example, if you have sandy soil, avoid the common orange carrot (it’s susceptible to sand-induced discoloration). Instead opt for an open pollinated variety like ‘Nelson’ which can grow in either sandy or clay soils. If you live in a maritime climate with cool winters and plenty of rain, try the snowplow type (an early maturing white variety). And don't forget about taste! Carrots come in many different shapes and sizes but it's important to select varieties that appeal to both children and adults alike!

Space plants properly

Planting carrots is a little different from planting other vegetables, because carrots are actually small root vegetables. To plant them properly and maximize your harvest, you need to plant them at the depth they were in the seed packet and spaced apart according to the directions on the packet. This prevents overcrowding of your carrots and ensures that they will grow straight down into fresh soil.

Use a garden hoe or spade to create rows about 16 inches apart (you can use shorter distances if you're planting larger varieties), then use it again to create furrows where each carrot should be placed. Plant seeds 1 inch deep in these furrows according to their instructions—usually "1 inch deep" means literally 1 inch below ground level! Water well after planting so that everything stays moist; water every few days thereafter until seeds sprout up above ground level about 2 weeks after planting them out

Ensure correct soil drainage

Soil drainage is extremely important when growing carrots. The soil in your garden should be sandy and free from stones, as carrots don’t like to sit in water for any prolonged length of time. You can amend the soil by digging in a lot of compost and sand if it is heavy or clayey. If you are planting in heavy clay soil, make sure you water the carrot seedlings well after planting them so that they get enough moisture until their roots can reach down deeper into the ground where there will be better drainage. If your soil is too sandy, add more compost or plant with a barrier between the roots and topsoil (double digging).

Temperature control

Temperature control is important for carrot growth. The best temperature range is between 55 and 75 degrees F, but a range of 50 to 80 degrees F is acceptable. Carrots will become bitter if the temperature is too high.

Water appropriately

The frequency of watering depends on soil type and weather conditions. For sandy, light soils that dry out quickly, water every day or even twice a day during hot seasons. Clay soils will require less frequent watering; once per week may be sufficient in dry seasons if they have been amended with organic matter (compost or aged animal manure). The most important thing to remember is not to overwater: If the soil gets too saturated, it can actually cause carrots roots to rot at their crowns. Underwatering is also less than ideal; the plant needs water in order to grow its roots deeper into the ground and find nutrients there. Finally, don't leave your carrot patch too long between waterings—the plants will start looking droopy pretty quickly!

Harvest at the correct time

Harvest your carrots when they are between 2 and 3 inches long.

Check to see if your carrots have reached the right size by gently tugging on them. If they come out easily, it’s time to harvest!

You can also use a small knife to cut off the tops of each carrot. After you cut them off, leave the roots in place so that they continue growing and mature more quickly. (If you harvest all of your carrots at once, it will take longer for new ones to come up.)

Once all of your carrots are pulled from their mounds, store them in bags or boxes with holes punched in for ventilation until you're ready to eat them.


Carrots are a delicious, nutritious and easy to grow vegetable. They can be grown in almost any climate and will thrive with minimal care. A small farm is the perfect place to try growing your own carrots!