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How to grow brussel sprouts

How to grow brussel sprouts

If you're looking for a vegetable that's low in calories and high in nutrients, brussel sprouts are the perfect choice. They come in many varieties, so you can get creative with your cooking. Whether you want to grow them indoors or outdoors, they're easy to care for as long as you follow these simple steps:

Know your climate

Brussel sprouts are a cool-weather vegetable, so they're best suited to temperate climates. They can tolerate light frosts and will produce a crop even in cool summer weather. However, they do not grow well in tropical climates where the temperature stays consistently above 75 degrees Fahrenheit (24°C).

In general, brussel sprouts prefer temperatures between 50 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit (10-24°C).

Brussel sprout plants grow best when daytime temperatures are between 60 and 70 degrees F (15-21°C) with nighttime lows in the 40s F (4-8°C), although you can successfully grow them at warmer temperatures during the day if nighttime temperatures don't fall below freezing.

Pick a suitable variety

As with any other vegetable, you should pick the right variety for your climate and planting season. When it comes to the brussels sprouts, certain varieties are better in colder climates than others. Look for varieties that are resistant to disease, such as downy mildew, and find out whether they need extra protection from the elements if you live in a more temperate region.

If you're not sure how far apart to plant brussel sprouts (or anything else), check the seed packet for information on spacing requirements—but always bear in mind that these numbers will change depending on factors like soil fertility and rainfall levels. A good rule of thumb is about 6 inches apart per plant if you want them to develop properly; if there's room for more than one plant per square foot of soil area and you have some experience with gardening under your belt then go ahead and plant them closer together!

Space plants properly

The distance between each plant, known as the spacing, depends on the variety you choose and how fertile your soil is. Plan on planting Brussels sprouts at 1 to 2 inches apart in rows that are 26 to 30 inches apart. If you're using a wire trellis, make sure the holes are large enough for your crop's size; if not, consider adding some supports for them to climb up onto as they grow.

Another factor affecting your spacing is whether you want to grow just one or multiple harvests from one planting of seeds (seed companies usually recommend different spacings depending on what their seed packets say). If you're going for an early harvest and don't mind fewer plants per square foot of garden space, try planting closer together at 1 inch apart (or even less). A larger spread will give you more total heads over time but also require more weeding between rows—though this isn’t such a big deal since once they reach maturity they can live without being watered much until late summer when it's time to harvest them all at once!

Ensure correct soil drainage

During the growing season and especially during the winter, it is important to provide the plants with a suitable amount of water. The best way to do this is by preparing your soil for planting and adding enough compost to keep it well drained.

You can also improve drainage by adding a layer of mulch around your plants before planting them in it. This will help prevent water from pooling around the roots when there are heavy rains or snowfall, which could cause root rot or other problems.

Temperature control

Outdoor brussel sprouts plants need a temperature range of 55 to 75 degrees F (13 to 24 degrees C) during the day and 50-60 degrees F during the night.

Make sure that you're providing your sprouts with consistent temperatures, as this will help them grow best. You can measure this by using a thermometer, which is especially important if you're growing in containers or on patios, where there may be significant temperature fluctuations from day to night.

Water appropriately

The soil should be moist, not wet. The first time you water your sprouts, water the soil deeply, then wait until it's dry before watering again. You can tell when to water by digging your finger into the top inch of soil; if it is dry then, give the plants another drink. Be careful not to over-water or leave them soaking in water after they are done with their drink!

Sprouts need a lot of water during their growing phase but they don't like being soaked all day long, so make sure that you only give them enough to keep them happy and healthy without drowning them!

Harvest at the correct time

For the best flavor, harvest your brussels sprouts when they're about 1.5 inches in diameter or slightly larger. You can tell they're ready to harvest from their stems, which will turn from green to brown as the plant gets older.

Brussel sprouts should never be harvested when they're smaller than 1 inch in diameter, because that means the plant hasn't had enough time to produce a good-sized head. If you do harvest too soon, though, don't worry—they'll usually grow back quickly if left alone until the next growing season!

Harvesting brussel sprout plants is easy: simply grasp one of the central leaves between two fingers and pull gently upward until it snaps off at its base (don't pull too hard or you could damage your plant). Repeat this process until all of your plants have been harvested and stored for winter use (if necessary).


If you follow these steps, you should be able to grow sprouts that are perfect for your taste buds!